What attracted you to the property you bought in Spain? Was it the number of rooms or the size of the plot? Was it the proximity to local shops and bars or the fact that you have a large patio that takes the sun in the morning?
All of these features that can influence our decision to buy a property can also be influential when it comes to determining the valor catastral. The Valor Catastral is the rateable value of your property. Differences in the Valor Catastral can lead to differences in the amount of IBI or council tax that is payable on properties that are very similar and even perhaps on adjacent plots.
The amount of Spanish council tax you pay comes from a combination of:
- Your valor catastral
- The tax rate charged by the town hall
You can find out exactly what your valor catastral is from looking at your IBI (Impuesto sobre Bienes Inmuebles) bill or your receipt if you operate online banking. The value was registered at the Cadastral Registry when your property was built. This is a different registry from the Land Registry and is usually located either at your town hall or SUMA if you live in the Alicante region.
The valor catastral increases annually in line with inflation. It is affected by many different factors according to information that will have been supplied by your builder such as your proximity to the road or main entrance. It is occasionally reviewed on an area-wide basis approximately every 10 years. The length of time inbetween reviews means that it can take a sudden leap, usually upwards.
The other important factor in calculating your IBI property tax is how much your town hall charges. This can vary enormously within the range of 0.4% and 1.17%. As with many aspects of life in Spain, it is very difficult to generalise and you should make sure you are aware of the situation in the locality where you purchase your property.
The valor catastral is an important figure when it comes to calculating your non-resident income tax. It is usually much lower than the real market value and using this in a calculation gives you a lower level of tax to pay.